Knowledge Creation

[S]pecification without thinking about essential purposes only leads to choice amongst existing options. To come up with a new solution that goes beyond the contradictions one has to answer existential questions that pursue essence based on one's own values and the values of the organization. [1, p32]

Rather than seeking optimal balance between contradictions, they are synthesized in dialectical thinking that negates the dichotomy and yields knowledge. By accepting contradiction, one is able to make the decision best suited to the situation without losing sight of the goodsness to be achieved. The dialectical process of achieving the goal through social interaction is political, driven by the ability to make political judgements. [1, p63]

1. Nonaka, I., Toyama, R. & Hirata, T. 2008. Managing Flow: A Process Theory of the Knowledge-Based Firm, Palgrave Macmillan.
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